The Dilemma of Return to Sri Lanka

Five years after the end of Sri Lanka’s civil war, Tamils in Jaffna still struggling to rebuild their lives

Five years after the end of Sri Lanka’s civil war, Tamils in Jaffna still struggling to rebuild their lives. From the ABC News website. By Clara Tran. As Sri Lanka’s government begins a path towards reconciliation and addressing the atrocities of the past, Tamils in the war-torn Jaffna province are still struggling to rebuild their lives.

The predominantly-Hindu region was the scene of some of the heaviest fighting between government forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), a rebel group commonly known as the Tamil Tigers. Up to 100,000 people died in the country’s decades-long civil war, which ended with the Tamil Tigers’ defeat in May 2009.

Residents say while reconstruction has advanced in parts of Jaffna, the majority of Tamils in surrounding villages remain in poverty after losing their land and livelihoods.

“Fishermen and farmers are the worst affected,” said Rasah Perinbanayakam, a retired government officer.

Photo: Boats moored at Passaiyoor fishing village, five kilometres east of Jaffna. (Misha Coleman: Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce)

“Practically all of the fishermen have lost their gear and their boats, so they are unable to restart because to start fishing in a proper way they need boats which they can’t afford.

“Hundreds of acres of land in the north, which is very fertile land, are in the high-security zone. Farmers have been deprived of cultivation because they are unable to go to their land.”

Mr Perinbanayakam said the current government has released some 400 hectares of land to the Tamil people.

“But that is not enough,” he said.

“People are still waiting for the day that they get back their land. Even if they go to their land, their houses are gone, they have to start afresh.

“Water is also a problem because largely people have been depending on ground water wells. Such wells are either damaged or covered with rubble, which means they have to dig new wells.

“We hope that the government can work out a political solution. Without a political solution, the area cannot develop.”

TAMILS DOUBTFUL ‘DOMESTIC INVESTIGATION WILL DELIVER JUSTICE’

Sri Lanka’s new president, Maithripala Sirisena, came to power in January promising reconciliation and accountability for alleged war crimes committed by security forces under the command of former leader Mahinda Rajapakse.

Last month, the government unveiled plans to set up a truth and reconciliation commission to examine atrocities and compensate victims.

But the proposal was rejected by the United Nations, which called for a “hybrid special court” of international and local judges to investigate the “horrific” abuses committed by both sides.

Tamil refugee Aran Mylvaganam, who arrived in Australia as a teenager in 1997, said he was “not hopeful at all that a domestic investigation will deliver justice to the Tamils”.

Photo: Memorial at Nagarkovil School for 21 children who died in a bombing raid on September 22, 1995. (Misha Coleman: Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce)

“Only an international investigation which is impartial, [which] looks into all sides’ crimes without any bias … will serve justice — not just to the Tamil victims but victims of all backgrounds,” he said.

The spokesman for the Tamil Refugee Council has experienced first-hand the horrors of the war, losing his 14-year-old brother in an aerial bombing of their local school two decades ago.

“The Sri Lankan army dropped bombs nearby when we were inside the school,” Mr Mylvaganam recounted.

“It was just after lunch break, the Nagerkovil school is right next to my house and there was a massive tamarind tree in front of my house.

“So when we heard the bomb, we all started running out. I went and hid in the tamarind tree and there were children running around everywhere.

“While I was hiding, my mum was standing at the gate and calling our names. We were five siblings, she was calling our names so I ran into the house and joined my mother.

“My younger brother and sister were there, we were sitting under the verandah when the air force dropped several bombs over the tamarind tree and nearby areas and at that point my second brother was running towards us, as soon as he opened the gate he fell down.”

We realised that our brother had managed to get inside the gate but he had lost half of his body below the hip … He was still alive.

Tamil refugee Aran Mylvaganam

Choked with emotion, Mr Mylvaganam said his family members started looking for survivors once the war plane had left.

“That’s when we found our brother — he was calling for water,” Mr Mylvaganam said.

“That was when we realised that our brother had managed to get inside the gate but he had lost half of his body below the hip. He was alive and we were able to talk to him.

“We took him to hospital, he was still alive. He died at the hospital.

“But our six-year-old cousin Bethany, we pretty much picked her up in pieces. Two other cousins died as well, in total 21 children died and there were many other elders who died that day.”

PRIORITIES AND CHALLENGES AHEAD FOR JAFFNA

A UN panel has said around 40,000 mainly Tamil civilians were killed in the final months of the country’s separatist war.

The fighting forced more than 100,000 people in northern Sri Lanka to flee to Tamil Nadu State in India.

Sooriya Sinnathamby is the director of OfERR-Ceylon, a Colombo-based organisation which aims to support Sri Lankan Tamil refugees to return home.

Ms Sinnathamby said public services, housing and infrastructure have improved in Jaffna and “people are happier”, but Tamils needed more support to improve their living standards.

“They have suffered a lot for 30 years, both sides. Now they need support to stand on their own,” she said.

As far as the ordinary people are concerned, they want a permanent peace.

Sooriya Sinnathamby

“The priority of the people is a stable government, policies to be implemented, they want to see promises in action; release of land, some kind of redress for the losses they have met.

“They don’t want to have another situation where they have to run away overnight, get out the house, leave everything behind.

“They want their children to be protected, and they want their education to go on without interruption.

“As far as the ordinary people are concerned, they want a permanent peace.”

Dr Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu, executive director of the Centre for Policy Alternatives in Colombo, said the Sri Lankan government’s promise of a process for transitional justice “provides room for some optimism”.

“Following the developments of the last eight months, the atmosphere in Jaffna is a lot more relaxed then it was before,” Dr Saravanamuttu said.

“It is relatively safe for people to come back. For the country as a whole, there is a sense of things having changed and wanting to rebuild.

“There are some who argue that even in that atmosphere nothing has changed substantially, and we have a long way to go to storing normalcy in the area.”

Photo: A rail link between the capital Colombo and the northern city of Jaffna reopened in October 2014. (Misha Coleman: Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce)

Photo: Pope Francis visited the Lady of Madhu church in January 2015 in a symbolic show of solidarity with the victims of the country’s war. (Misha Coleman: Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce)

Photo: Worshippers arrive at the main Hindu temple in Jaffna, northern Sri Lanka. (Misha Coleman: Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce)

Photo: Village girls in Jaffna, northern Sri Lanka. (Misha Coleman: Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce)

Photo taken in September 2015 of an empty classroom at Nagarkovil school in Jaffna, northern Sri Lanka. (Misha Coleman: Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce)

Photo: Motorists drive along a street in Jaffna, northern Sri Lanka, in September 2015. (Misha Coleman: Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce)

Photo: An Australian Government billboard in Sri Lanka warning people against coming to Australia by boat to seek asylum. (Misha Coleman: Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce)

Photo: A military presence remains in the former rebel stronghold of northern Jaffna. (Misha Coleman: Australian Churches Refugee Taskforce)

Gallery: In pictures: Life in post-war Jaffna

 

By | October 15th, 2015|Campaigns, Front - Campaigns, The Dilemma of Return to Sri Lanka|

This is the evidence of Australia’s role in a regime of torture

Torture and murder claims have long plagued the Sri Lankan government while details of the Australian Government’s close friendship with them has been a secret, until now. Watch the ABC 7.30 report’s story from August 3, 2015.

Additional Content: Download the full 7.30 Report Transcript; read the  AFP’s Response to the 7.30 Report story and find out What the AFP gave Sri Lankan police. For more information on the Taskforce’s campaign against regressive changes to Australian Migration Law, visit the campaign archive.

 

Churches’ Refugee Expert’s Plea for Protection of New Boat Arrivals

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Can’t flee, can’t stay – Australia’s interception and return of Sri Lankan asylum seekers

The Human Rights Law Centre have compiled the following document regarding Australia’s interception and return of Sri Lankan asylum seekers.

 

 

By | March 26th, 2014|The Dilemma of Return to Sri Lanka|

Australia’s Guantánamo Problem

On a remote, sunny island, some 52 people have been detained for up to nearly five years without trial on secret evidence, with no prospect of release. A series of suicide attempts since 2012 speaks to their profound suffering. One man attempted to hang himself with a bedsheet. Another tried to electrocute himself. Another drank bleach. Another cut himself and used his blood to leave a message on a wall. All remain in detention; the government dismisses them as attention-seekers. Read the full story by By Ben Saul in the  New York Times.

By | March 25th, 2014|guantanamo, Opinion, The Dilemma of Return to Sri Lanka|